Biophilic design: from the jungle to the bathroom

Category: Bathroom trends
Date: 11 ago 2022

We bring plant walls, hanging gardens and decorative plants together in the bathroom in order to create spaces that come to life. 

The future of the bathroom promises to be green. So today, we're giving you the inspiration you need to create a sanctuary of biophilic design guaranteed to make you feel great.

A key piece in the development of sustainable societies, biophilic design responds to our human need to connect with nature. Architecture and interior design seek to connect with life and develop healthy and productive environments.  

Proof of this is to bring plants together in urban and domestic spaces, the creation of green walls and other principles of biophilic design, a trend currently on the rise. Making the most of every inch of space and adding foliage helps to purify the air, as well as improving people’s emotional well-being.

Biophilic architecture in the bathroom: what is biophilic design?

Human beings are related to the environment in a sensory way, absorbing information which is interpreted by our brain and generating behavioural and emotional responses.

biophilic-designTono collection bathroom with bath

What's more, nature is understood as the home, and the origin. The term biophilic architecture and design was coined by Edward O. Wilson in the eighties, and means 'a love of life and proposes connecting with nature again, based on the need of the human being to be in touch with their origin and the wellness that this provides. 


A built environment in which we include nature elements, whether through a visual, auditory, tactile or olfactory connection which improves people's health. It conveys harmony, positivity, calmness and energy. Beyond including plants or creating vertical gardens, the biophilic design goes further and it interferes with other decisions such as designing the way of seeing a garden through the windows, improving the air flow, the ideal lighting which simulates natural light and shadows, or the use of natural and biodegradable materials. 

Architecture and design evolve towards what is natural, and biophilia is an increasingly present trend.

A green sanctuary in the bathroom: what biophilia brings to the body and mind

Nature has therapeutic benefits, and the biophilia trend is becoming increasingly popular in our domestic spaces. 

In fact, many of the pathologies associated with modernity are attributed to the so-called 'nature deficit'. Richard Louv develops this concept in his book 'The Last Child in the Wood', describing a disorder which can create fatigue, anxiety and stress; also, therefore, affecting mood.

biophilic-designPure Line collection full bathroom

The study of biophilia as a way of reconnecting with nature has popularised practices such as 'shinrin yoku': a Japanese term that literally means 'forest bathing', and involves walking in nature and taking it in with all five senses, with a meditative and relaxed mindset. 

Shifting the practice to the bathroom, you can create a green sanctuary where you can breathe deeply, creating a space of calm in which the outside world is unimportant.

biophilic-designEssence C bathroom furnishings and Round taps in matt black

In the bathroom, you can connect with nature at the same time as connecting with your inner self, engaging in positive and nourishing rituals to benefit your wellbeing and mental health. Revel in a space dedicated to self-care, relaxation, learning and self-expression.

Applying biophilic design to the home results in healthier and more sustainable, calm interiors, creating a more authentic connection with nature. Green foliage and flowering plants can be strategically placed around the room, along with natural materials and products.

biophilic-designBathrooms in public spaces with touchless products: 

Acro Compact urinal and Round taps in brushed copper

All of this aims to generate a continuous interaction with nature in the bathroom, at the same time as fostering an emotional connection with the space and boosting anxiety and stress-reducing endorphins. 

Because nature is not a trend. It's a vital need we have as human beings, which is why incorporating it into interior design brings nothing but benefits.

Plants for the bathroom

Bathrooms are usually rooms with either little or no natural light at all. But contrary to common belief, the bathroom is an ideal setting for decorative plants and vertical gardens. Because of the humid condition of the space and the ability of the plants to purify the air, if the right plant type is chosen, we will achieve a healthy space which follows the principles Feng Shui philosophy applied to bathroom interior design.

biophilic-designPure Line collection bathroom

To ensure plants are properly maintained in the bathroom, we must choose plant types which grow practically without sunlight and in very humid atmospheres.  

  1. Orchids: a symbol of fertility and beauty. They come from jungle-like atmospheres, which are also: humid, hot and with low-light.
  2. Sansevieria: it eliminates toxins and withstands humidity and low-light conditions in a bathroom very well indeed. It also has air purifying properties and it is one of the recommended plants to have in the bedroom as well.
  3. Espatifilo: it absorbs toxins and purifies the air in the bathroom. It can live in temperatures above 18º and is long-lasting.
  4. Bamboo: it grows properly in humid conditions and in low light, and it is considered as being a plant which is energetically positive.  
  5. Philodendron: it requires little maintenance and grows in humid atmospheres.  
  6. Potus: in addition to resisting indoor lighting, it can grow without soil as a hydroponic crop.  
  7. Ferns or ivy: they grow vertically in a natural way, turning an aseptic atmosphere into a living one.   

Why hang just one plant, when you can fill your bathroom with greenery?

Green walls. How to create a living wall indoor vertical garden

Vertical gardens are panels of plants that grow vertically,, independently or joined to the walls by means of hydroponics, an agricultural method for growing plants that uses mineral solutions instead of agricultural soil as a type of support.

biophilic-designNoken showroom, Lounge space

The first step is that all-important sought-after place in which to install it, always bearing in mind the visual impact that this wall will create, as well as the needs of the irrigation system. After this first decision is taken, the structure and support are opted for, which are usually made of wood or metal.  

  1. Opt for the right place.
  2. Choose the planting system.  
  3. Choose the plants based on the sough-after visual effect and the environmental conditions.  
  4. Make the most of the light.
  5. Take the frequency and irrigation system into account. Some recommendations are for preventing standing water. If a plant dries, it should be replaced.

What do you need to create your own vertical garden in your bathroom?

Generally speaking, you'll need the following materials to create your living wall:

  • Plastic mesh
  • Wood or acrylic sheet
  • Bracket, scissors and drill
  • Tape measure
  • Wall fixing hardware

Here are the top types of structures to use if you want to create an indoor vertical garden in your home:

  • Living wall planters: the best solutions for creating vertical gardens, generally attached to the partition wall itself: plant it from floor level right to the top, taking up the whole wall or framing one specific area to create a form of living artwork.
  • 'Floating' system for vertical gardens: a simple modular system which is easy to install and add to, depending on your tastes or needs. It's essentially a set of mesh pockets on top of aerated fabric (specially-designed for this purpose), and you place your choice of plants into the pockets to create your vertical garden.
  • Modular system with boxes inserted into a metal structure: this is similar to the previous type but with different materials, with wood finishes generally playing a key role.
  • 'Geotextile' vertical garden system: this living wall planter consists of various layers, including aluminium, a layer of bonded moisture-absorbent foam, mesh, filters and pockets, resulting in a system that automatically waters the plants. Innovation and aesthetics combined.

The advantages and benefits of vertical gardens in bathroom design 

Walls usually have valuable centimetres which go unused. However, they allow for a large number of plants to be brought together vertically in relatively small spaces, as well as reducing the use of traffic-space on the floor.

biophilic-designNoken showroom, Lounge space

Living walls are another biophilic design-inspired option, which generate oxygen while offering a visual focal point for interiors. Its maintenance cost is offset by the benefits it provides: texture, energy and life. A living system that works for well-being:

  • Physical and mental health are enhanced.
  • It provides natural beauty.
  • It improves air quality and increases oxygen.
  • It generates natural humidity, which cools the atmosphere in summer and heats it up in winter.